The unacknowledged or inappropriate adoption of the customs, practices, ideas, etc. of one people or society by members of another and typically more dominant people or society.
An individual who unites themselves with another to promote a common interest where both benefits.
Systems perpetuating biases based on who builds them, how they’re developed, and how they’re ultimately used.
Actions or behaviors that minimize, marginalize or devalue the full participation of Black people in life. The spectrum of anti-Black actions and behaviors spans from unconscious bias to motivated acts of prejudice.
A United States landmark federal law which makes lynching a federal hate crime. To amend section 249 of title 18, United States Code, to specify lynching as a hate crime act.
The policy or practice of opposing racism and promoting racial tolerance.
A type of interpersonal racism that depicts Black people as stereotypes and portrays Black culture as a product.
Prohibits no-knock warrants, which generally permit law enforcement officers to enter a premises without first identifying their authority and purpose. Specifically, it requires federal law enforcement officers to provide notice of their authority and purpose before executing a warrant.
Prejudice or discrimination against individuals with a dark skin tone, typically among people of the same ethnic or racial group.
Substituting terms describing racial identity with seemingly race-neutral terms that disguise explicit and/or implicit racial animus.
The practice of alternating between two or more languages or varieties of language in conversation.
In 2020, racial and ethnic disparities in COVID-19 age-adjusted death rates were reported among U.S. residents.
Reallocating or redirecting funding away from the police department to other government agencies funded by the local municipality.
Action that seeks to achieve an end directly and by the most immediately effective means.
Environmental injustice that occurs within a racialized context both in practice and policy.
Money and assets passed down from one generation to another, such as investments, real estate, family businesses and other holdings.
To manipulate the boundaries of (an electoral constituency) so as to favor one party or class.
A holiday celebrated on 19 June to commemorate the emancipation of enslaved people in the US. The holiday was first celebrated in Texas, where on that date in 1865, in the aftermath of the Civil War, slaves were declared free under the terms of the 1862 Emancipation Proclamation.
An extrajudicial killing by a group. It is most often used to characterize informal public executions by a mob in order to punish an alleged transgressor, punish a convicted transgressor, or intimidate people.
Systemic racism contributes to the denial of conditions which people are born, grow, live, work and age to Black Americans. Policy experts believe these conditions have a greater impact on health outcomes than medical care itself.
A statement, action, or incident regarded as an instance of indirect, subtle, or unintentional discrimination against members of a marginalized group such as a racial or ethnic minority.
Many under-resourced schools relyon police rather than teachers and administrators to maintain discipline. As a result, children are far more likely to be subject to school-based arrests. These arrests for minor infractions disproportionately target students of color and students with disabilities.
Work that is performed by incarcerated and detained people. Not all prison labor is forced labor, but the setting involves inherent power imbalance because those incarcerated have few avenues to challenge abuses behind bars. Free prison labor can be a valuable activity that becomes exploitative when there are elements of coercion, force, and threat of punishment against detainees.
A legal principle that grants government officials performing discretionary functions immunity from civil suits unless the plaintiff shows that the official violated "clearly established statutory or constitutional rights of which a reasonable person would have known".
A form of psychological manipulation that makes people of color question their own experiences of racism.
How media texts deal with and present gender, age, ethnicity, national and regional identity, social issues and events to an audience.
The making of amends for a wrong one has done, by paying money to or otherwise helping those who have been wronged.
Unidentified federal officers on patrol in plain clothes and unmarked vehicles.
A form of racism that is embedded in the laws and regulations of a society or an organization. It manifests as discrimination in areas such as criminal justice, employment, housing, health care, education, and political representation.
An often-flawed process of cleaning up voter rolls by deleting names from registration lists.
States that neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.